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Welsh Time Chart (Welsh History)

This series began when I heard a report on the Welsh News that a government report had found that Welsh children are not taught enough of their own history. So I have been blogging some highlights. The main source material has been Phil Carradice’s booklet Highlights of Welsh History, which I can highly recommend.

The back of the book has a time chart, which I am reproducing here with links to most of my articles, so you can see the whole sweep of the history.


1000 The first Celts begin to arrive in Britain and Wales

55 Julius Caesar’s first landing

54 Caesar returns to try again


43 The invasion of Emperor Augustus begins the Roman conquest

47 The first Roman assaults on Wales

61 The destruction of the Druids and their sacred groves on Anglesey

410 The Roman legions leave Britain

c.520 Birth of St David

588 Death of St David

c.784 King Offa of Mercia builds Offa’s Dyke

900 Hywel Dda becomes King

1066 The Battle of Hastings and the coming of the Normans

1090 Norman incursions into Wales begin

1176 Rhys ap Gruffydd, the Lord Rhys, hosts the first Eisteddfod

1204 King John recognises Llywelyn Fawr (Llewelyn the Great) as Lord of Gwynedd

1216 The Council of Welsh rulers at Aberdyfi

1238 Llywelyn calls Council of Welsh rulers at Strata Florida Abbey

1240 Death of Llywelyn Fawr

1258 Llywelyn ap Gruffudd adopts the title Prince of Wales

1277 Treaty of Aberconwy – Edward I takes most of Llywelyn’s lands

1282 Death of Llywelyn, the last true Prince of Wales, in battle

1284 The Statute of Rhuddlan – Edward I takes control

1400 The rebellion of Owain Glyndŵr begins

1404 Glyndŵr calls his Parliament at Machynlleth

c.1410 End of the Glyndŵr rebellion

1485 Henry Tudor, a Welsh squire, lands in Wales and becomes Henry VII

1536+1542 Acts of Union

1567 William Salesbury’s Bible and Book of Common Prayer published

1588 Publication of Bishop Morgan’s Bible in Welsh

1642 Civil war begins in England

1649 King Charles I executed

1695 Humphrey Mackworth uses coal for the smelting of iron near Neath

c.1737 The circulating schools of Griffiths Jones begin their work

1756 Beginnings of the Welsh iron industry in Merthyr Tydfil

1797 The last invasion of Britain – 1400 Frenchmen land at Fishguard

1815 The Battle of Waterloo brings the end of the Napoleonic wars

1831 The Merthyr Riots. Dic Penderyn is convicted and executed

1839 The Rebecca Riots begin

1839 The Chartist attack on Newport

1843 End of the Rebecca riots

1847 The Treason of the Blue Books

1870 Forster’s Education Act

1913 The peak year for coal production in Wales

1914 The First World War breaks out

1916 Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister

1918 End of the First World War

1925 Plaid Cymru, the Welsh Nationalist party, formed

1939 Second World War breaks out

1939 Thousands of children are evacuated to Wales

1940 German planes destroy oil tanks at Pembroke Dock

1941 The Three Day Blitz on Swansea

1945 End of the Second World War

1964 Welsh Office and the post of Secretary of State for Wales created

1966 Gwynfor Evans elected as the first Plaid Cymru MP

1979 The first referendum on the Welsh Assembly – failure

1997 The second assembly referendum – success

2006 Senedd building in Cardiff opened by Queen Elizabeth II